Chamomile

Chamomile

Description

Species (Family) : Matricaria recutita L. (Asteraceae /Compositae)

Synonym(s) : Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert, Hungarian Chamomile, Matricaria Flowers, Scented Mayweed, Sweet False Chamomile, Wild Chamomile

Part(s) Used : Flowerhead

Constituents : Coumarins, Flavonoids,Volatile oils, Other constituents

Food Use : Chamomile is listed by the Council of Europe as a natural source of food flavouring. This category indicates that chamomile can be added to foodstuffs in small quantities, with a possible limitation of an active principle (as yet unspecified) in the final product. Chamomile is commonly used in herbal teas. Previously, chamomile has been listed as GRAS
(Generally Recognised As Safe).

Form of product : Dried flowerhead, Extract, Distillate, Essential oil

Herbal Use : Chamomile is stated to possess carminative, antispasmodic, mild sedative, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and anticatarrhal properties. It has been used for flatulent nervous dyspepsia, travel sickness, nasal catarrh, nervous diarrhoea, restlessness and specifically for gastrointestinal disturbance with associated nervous irritability in children. It has been used topically for haemorrhoids, mastitis and leg ulcers. German Commission Europe approved use for gastrointestinal spasms and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and externally for skin and mucous membrane inflammation and bacterial skin diseases including oral cavity and gums. It is also approved for inflammations and irritations of the respiratory tract (by inhalation) and ano-genital inflammation (baths and irrigation).